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Introduction to stage lighting

One, the introduction to the light 
Any dramatic performance, in addition to the day in the outdoor performance, are all need a set of lighting. If only is the only function of stage lighting lighting, so as long as the arrangement of a set of fluorescent lamp hanging on the stage, can provide props actor and his setting a light smoothly. But, obviously, more than ordinary lighting lighting some useful, a set of efficient lighting can be made of a visual element, add fun to audiences. 
(a) so what is the stage lights 
Stage lighting has diversity and regularity, its most important feature is to let the audience emotional ups and downs with light color fluctuates myriad feelings, more close to drama and emotional role. 
Stage lighting has altogether: 
1. The front lamp (the cat in the audience and the ceiling lamp), usually do using the area light. 
2. Stage four row of lights (the first row as actors face, the second row according to the actor's head has 3 d effect, the light behind the third row to play, the fourth row awning lamp set) 
3. The side of the left and right sides of the lamp 
This is a stage lighting designer range of writing. 
Different light, shade, Angle, can permutation and combination are hundreds kinds of light after the change of the design. Not only enrich the expressions and movements of actors, but also created another time and space, especially in terms of build atmosphere, strengthen emotional appeal, almost have the same function and music, it is only with the contrast and color symbol, and hinted that the plot. In text, for example, actors, scenery is real pen, light is empty pen, designers have to use brain, technology to express "melancholy" "pessimistic" abstract adjectives. So when you see a play, don't have to be narrator, lines, from the stage of hue, brightness, season, climate, can understand the play time, can also understand the role of mood changes. In general, comedy with warm color department, tragedy with cool color department. Of course, no shadow color is also excellent results of expression, and the director of the idea of lamplight, actually he is maintaining the play consistent style is one of the main factors, roughly speaking, dim light for the tragedy and horror, bright lights are warm, optimistic theme. 
(2) the function of the light 
(1) selective visibility and attention: 
In the theatre, we often use one word to describe the effect of light: "we only give the audience what we want to show them". We want to give the audience the part of the light, and the other part of the left in the dark; So the selective visibility, by lighting according to stage the importance of the location or characters, have layers and selective lighting. And because the human eye particularly sensitive to the light, there are lights light up when the stage, the audience will have the light will be eyes focused on; In other words, lighting and led the audience in the show, can find a searchlight key at any time. 
(2) rendering has set conditions of space and time: 
In some scenarios, has prompted or implied about the conditions of space and time. This scene, for example, was once upon one day in the morning or afternoon, and the drama in real time, of time and space is the lights can be designed according to the basic conditions, so as to decide on the direction of the light source, color, such as in lighting to create the effect of the afternoon sun, or the effect of early winter, or fall down Ye Fenggong effect and so on. 
(3) the stage picture for the color to set the atmosphere (emotional) : 
Stage space as a canvas, and things such as stage, sets, costumes, without light, they will not be able to see, so the light is the director and designer tool, brushes, paint, bit by bit will stage the picture with color. 
It has double meaning: it is a kind of scenery with clothing, the audience to see presents its color; Another is the color of the light itself, can create some kind of atmosphere and the effect on stage; For a simple example, the light of the lamp are often divided into two systems: one is the cool color of light, one is light warm color, cold color is given priority to with blue, light warm color is light yellow or reddish, both can produce very different sensory feeling, this feeling and atmosphere of the setting can help the performers and the stage of action, this is through the stage lighting achieved a result. 
(4) shape space and form: 
Stage lighting can clear cutting stage space, the area lies between different lands, as well as the background, middle, prospects, such as level, present stage of the depth of field, to achieve a complete visual effect. Moreover, to the use of different theater form about space, light also plays an extremely important characters. 
(3) how to make the lights 
Performing arts, the most concerned about the actual experience, so the light of this art, in addition to the theory, the equipment is used outside the classroom learning, practice experience of the great weight. Novice like little student, follow the master tuning Angle, color paper... . Through the actual operation, to accumulating experience. 
Stage lighting design in the first step is to read the script of course! 
But read on, different Angle and actor they must practice see scenes of the screen and that the mood changes, to find a turning point, into the movement of the light, the intensity and color. Because of the design is so abstract performance art, so most of the designers think learning knowledge is the most important in life, every thing in life is worth and must pay attention and care. Personal life can study about music, art, history, or China's poetry, ancient paintings and so on. In fact, information absorption, works, the view is very important. Lighting design must be discussed and director, set design, make-up artist, to seek the unity of the annotation Angle for further communication and compromise 

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