In the different architectural environment, lighting designers according to commercial building, office building, home building function, to distinguish between elderly and children and adults use other people and personality of some special needs of lighting design. As for the overall development of the current situation, China's lighting design is developing rapidly, but the level of design and the level of lighting design in developed countries, there are still some gaps, there are many reasons. The first is due to the lighting professional door.
Lighting design industry from scratch, from passive to active design has undergone a long process of development. Now, people pay more and more attention to the lighting environment, lighting designers in the construction environment play an increasingly important role.
In the different architectural environment, lighting designers according to commercial building, office building, home building function, to distinguish between elderly and children and adults use other people and personality of some special needs of lighting design.
As for the overall development of the current situation, China's lighting design is developing rapidly, but the level of design and the level of lighting design in developed countries, there are still some gaps, there are many reasons.
The first is due to the lower threshold of professional lighting, crossing the threshold of more people, the domestic professional lighting design in the whole form is rich, many practitioners, but do not many people; secondly, the lighting design industry in China and developed countries started late, but with the increase in market demand, in recent China's lighting design industry by leaps and bounds, which also makes more and more people to join the industry to market segmentation of the cake, in the industry rapid development stage, the industry often appear uneven situation; in addition, the lighting design industry profits is one of the reasons, these profits attracted more interior designers, electrical designers, architectural designers to join the lighting design in the industry.
Overall, although the lighting designers are now engaged in lighting design, lighting design, but after training are very few, many lighting designers are architects, interior designers, electrical engineers concurrently, so it is very necessary to improve the professional level of lighting designers.
However, the overall level of the domestic lighting design industry is not high, but also a necessary stage of the development of the industry, I believe in the next few years, the lighting design industry will gradually mature.
To improve the current implementation of standard specification, in the lighting, the state has formulated or making a lot of relevant standards and local standards, such as "lighting technical specifications" and some safety norms, such norms, norms of light pollution prevention.
Norms and standards for the development of lighting design has played a good role in the development of management, regulation, control and promotion. Therefore, they are very particular about the normative and rigorous. The introduction of national and local standards for the implementation of the need for the coordination of various departments. Standards, norms can only be truly carried out in order to achieve the original purpose of the formulation.
After the introduction of norms, the implementation of the main management departments to resolve, such as planning by the municipal sector to monitor the construction by the construction sector or urban management department for approval. Although the lighting industry has yet to improve the implementation of a variety of standards, but the effect is obvious to all.
As long as the correct standards under the guidance of the lighting design industry will be better and better. However, in the lighting design of our country, there are still some problems to be solved in the implementation of the standards.
For example, some professional words do not thoroughly understand, such as energy-saving lamps, from the specific sense, energy-saving lamp English name is CompactFluorescentLamp, interpreted as compact fluorescent lamps, therefore, energy-saving lamp comprises a fluorescent tube is not used by the us. However, many architects, interior designers and even lighting designers often belong to the fluorescent lamp within the scope of energy-saving lamps. Strengthen the communication between the standard specification and the designer, so that the standard specification in the designer to get the correct explanation needs to be improved.
The combination of macro and micro - urban planning with the development of economy, more and more cities to guide the development of urban planning. Urban nightscape lighting planning can be divided into the overall planning, with the tourism environment planning and energy planning.
The overall planning is through the control of brightness, color, lighting, lighting and so on to regulate City nightscape lighting; with the tourism environmental planning is to develop city tourism, with the ancient architecture, natural landscape, artificial landscape, night lighting planning; energy planning is a specific area of nightscape lighting with the power of planning.
Since it is planning, the vast majority of the macro policy should be involved. However, in our country a lot of city nightscape planning has appeared in "the macro macro, the macro micro" phenomenon, landscape lighting is often the lighting effect, rather than the macro design.
This has resulted in the so-called "night lighting planning renderings" came out, the city began to purchase the relevant departments of the purchase of lamps and lanterns, the installation of lamps, ignoring a number of links.
Therefore, the planning of urban nightscape lighting can not only play an important role in the planning of the overall lighting of the city, but also the construction of the city.
Each designer is an "artist" landscape lighting design is a combination of technology and art work, through the art of lighting. If the lighting environment can not set off the landscape well, to maximize the role of landscaping, and sometimes it will undermine the overall landscape effect.
Landscape lighting has some problems, the first is in the lighting technology could not reach the requirements; second is the lighting effect needs to be improved. The lack of lighting technology requires designers, manufacturers and other aspects of the joint efforts, and the lighting effect of the need for designers to improve their personal qualities, to have a higher aesthetic quality. Of course, it does not require the designer to have the level of aesthetic master, but they should have a way of thinking, understand architecture, understand the landscape.
Only on the basis of understanding the architecture, landscape, lighting designers can learn from each other, the two creation. To Chinese ancient buildings as an example, lighting designers in the design before we must first understand the connotation and extension of ancient Chinese, to each part of the interpretation, including roof pillars, partition wall, roof tiles, etc..
Chinese ancient building roof cornices and the earth are closely linked, therefore, designers will be able to show this relationship in the lighting design, lighting the way to choose the right. Only by understanding the extension and connotation of the ancient architecture, can we choose the correct lighting mode on the basis of this, so as to achieve the effect of not destroying the original structure of the building and the historical and cultural atmosphere of the ancient architecture.
Even for an ordinary modern architecture, lighting designers should strive to be beautiful, the effect of design to meet the majority of people's aesthetic concept. Because of the choice of the color of light, designers should be based on the landscape, the function of the building to locate.
Landscape architecture can choose more colorful light, for the business district can be so, for the government, it is necessary to select monochromatic light, in order to maintain the authority of the government image.
To increase the interaction of multi - design lighting design process has three levels, the first is to complete the function; the second is to achieve comfort; the third is to create atmosphere. In the design, the first level is the most easy to complete, designer through various technical specification; the second level is to compare the effect of intuitive and relatively easy to complete; third levels to create an atmosphere is not easy to reach the level of the designer.
With the improvement of people's quality of life and environmental quality, it is more and more important to build the atmosphere. The atmosphere of light is formed with the interaction of wall, ceiling, furniture and accessories. Therefore, if the lighting designers and interior designers, architects do not communicate, it is difficult to create a good atmosphere.
Architects and interior designers should create their works on the atmosphere has a self positioning, after docking with the lighting designer's opinion, this can be self positioning and lighting designers self positioning combined, combined, finally formed a good atmosphere environment.
If the design of the light environment and the ideal environment does not match, lighting designers and interior designers have to negotiate, by changing the indoor pattern, adding items etc. with the lights up and create a good environment.
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