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To grasp the knowledge of lighting design

1, in fact, the lighting design involves the whole building and its space, including how to architectural space due to the lighting and add beauty, how to make people touched, effect, lighting design is already beyond the scope of lighting lamps and lanterns. 
 
2, the United States is the earliest time of the lighting designer, as a professional (1940 s), Japan (1970 s). 
 
3, Richard kelly, the famous American lighting designer. Main productions: gimbel art museum of fort worth, Texas; Picasso mural west graeme building entrance hall in New York the whole wall lighting design; 
 
4, Richard kelly's creating happy and comfortable lighting technology: (1), integral space completely ambient lighting covering the friendly and peaceful atmosphere. (2) make the object more clear and bright high brightness illumination; (3), flashing bright, let a person have entertainment mood lighting. 
 
5, lighting design is not only to be familiar with the light source and lighting lamps and lanterns, also considering the nature of the object to the space of lighting, lighting, building material, the color of the design, construction, as well as indoor and outdoor, work, etc.) and people's visual psychology, physiological characteristics of many factor. The first ZhangGuang, dark and light 
 
(1) the light is not only human visual perception of light, also includes the human visual perception is less than the infrared and ultraviolet light, etc. We put these collectively known as the electromagnetic wave, light wavelength range determines the different properties of different wavelengths of light. 
 
(2) linked with visible light wavelength region, and compared to the wavelength of visible light wavelength region is ultraviolet (uv) light, similarly, longer wavelengths than visible light wavelength domain is infrared light. Main infrared thermal effect; Ultraviolet (uv) according to the different wavelength, can produce sunshine sterilization and phosphor luminescence. 
 
(3) reduce meaningless lighting, highlight part, improve the environmental atmosphere and visibility to highlight the whole lighting effect. Know the shadow and darkness. 
 
(4) lighting technique and style changes with the type of the light. Buildings and lighting lamps and lanterns on the use of different materials, can be given out by the reflection and transmission, refraction of light source, which greatly change the properties of light sources emit light. 
 
(5) the transmission materials, translucent paper lanterns, paste paper, thin marble, translucent plastic, translucent glass, wax, stone, etc. Transmission material is mainly used for lighting lamps and lanterns. Because of the different production and processing technology, and the use of different light source, can get the unique light source. Incandescent lamp and fluorescent lamp light source at a time, because the surface of the reflection and transmission make by irradiation can also become a light source, this is the so-called secondary light source. 
 
(6) Gao Liangguang "refers to the spotlight was lighting objects such as reflection, more evident than the surrounding bright, better visual effect. Light wall, the wall surface is bright and clean, such as washing, get bright and uniform light illumination method (for the use of marble and granite ground to a smooth walls, with a certain light Angle of the light can get no glare and smooth wall composed of rainbow reflection; and on the wall of the same, if you leave the wall lighting lamps and lanterns of a certain distance to the wall to illuminate, lamps and lanterns into the wall and got cold hard, bright light). The second chapter, brightness and color 
 
1, in some cases the brightness can be regarded as intensity of illumination, but the intensity of illumination to the space does not mean that make a person feel very bright. The luxmeter lighting designers and lighting engineers use the range of 0 lx - 100000 lx. Illumination is measured with illuminance meter, are mostly measured on the surface of the floor and the level of the table. 
 
2, s&p Jin Ye phenomenon, 70 years ago, s&p Jin Ye found bright place, compared with the same intensity of illumination of blue orange and yellow is more bright, while in the dark blue is more likely to be seen. 
 
3, brightness, CD/m2 - candela per square metre. 
 
4, if light and shiny surface is divided into small part of the beam are relatively scattered, which is of great significance on the performance of the lighting. Install a high wattage lamps and lanterns, installation of a number of low wattage of the lamps and lanterns, and in the configuration design of lamps and lanterns, get excellent lighting effects. 
 
5, the visible spectrum, 380 ~ 780 nm (nano, 10-9 meters). In the visible spectrum can be not only from the sun, candle light, fluorescent lamp and incandescent lights general lighting light source is visible spectrum. 
 
6, generally in the lighting lamps and lanterns, in the lamp and incandescent lamp as red series, near the long wavelength of the light source the light color warm white, near the blue as short wavelength, smooth color slants cold white light source. With the continuous spectrum of light color is called color temperature (quantitative unit: K), in daily lighting space, there are about 2000 K to 6500 K light color available for disposal. 
 
7, the lower the light source color temperature of the warm red is increased, the higher the blue color temperature is increasing. 
 
8, in their long history of buildings with low color temperature of warm color light; New buildings with high color temperature of white light, and make it more eye-catching. 
 
9, performance object color nature of light is called color rendering. General average color color rendering index (CRI), said the highest standard color rendering index is 100. 
 
The third chapter the world of light 
 
1, new light source: LED lights (light emitting diode); EDL lights (electrodeless lamp); EL lamp (electricity to light. 
 
2, LED lights have red, orange, green, blue 4 kinds of color. In blue and phosphor combination will get white light. 
 
3, indoor main light source: fluorescent lamp, halogen tungsten lamp, etc; Outdoor use main light source: high pressure sodium lamp, metal halide lamp, high-pressure mercury lamp, hernia lamp (projector), etc. The fourth chapter 1, and the choice of lamps and lanterns lighting points: 
 
(1) (2) delivery time (3) the size of lamps and lanterns (4) (5) work (6) light source (7) use the matters needing attention. 
 
4, the size of the lamps and lanterns of integral space visual effect have a significant impact. 
 
5, understand the light distribution curve, figuring out how the light emanating from the lamps and lanterns. Light distribution diagram illustrates: radiate from the lighting lamps and lanterns of the light is in what direction and how much the light intensity. 
 
6, example: if the luminous flux of lamps and lanterns is 5000 lm, so light intensity value of the longitudinal axis (CD) is multiplied by 5 times. Lamps and lanterns is vertical downward numerical about 420 CD. So, 420 cdx5 = 2100 CD here, intensity of illumination = intensity I (CD)/distance d2 (m2). (= the average illuminance on the luminous flux F/area of m2). 
 
7, canister light, can do light wall, the effect of metope requirement is not smooth. 
 
8, droplight, general mensal upper part (1) to install a lamp that droplight, suggest chandeliers size is the 1/3 to 1/2 the size of the longitudinal length of the table. (2) the installation height of lamps and lanterns is suitable for the 60 cm above the table. 
9, shoot the light, shoot the light of the installation has a direct type, slide rail type, soft track, clip, etc. 
 
10, wall lamp. 
 
11, put type lamps and lanterns. 
 
12, slippery course lighting lamps and lanterns, suitable for shops, clothing stores, hotels, shopping malls, jewelry stores, places of entertainment, restaurants, exhibition venues, etc. 
 
13, grille, fluorescent plate. 
 
14, outdoor lighting lamps and lanterns (1) in view of the small is thrown light lighting objects with tungsten halogen lamp, adopted by lighting the object is too large when the HID lamp. (2) the lamps and lanterns of coastal areas use must be resistant to corrosion. 
The fifth chapter lighting design process 
 
1, lighting designers, most of the work was done with the architects and interior decoration designer. 
 
2, lighting design process: 
 
Entrusted [(1) during the design budget, design range, design and customer requirements. (2) basic plan [mastery of architectural space, the influence of sunlight, and the types of furniture and interior decoration materials and configuration. (3) the basic design of light image map, with computer drawing and model simulation, calculation of intensity of illumination; choose lamps and lanterns; configuration; lamps and lanterns of. (4) the implementation of design [with architecture, interior decoration design, budget and other changes, to review research; decision lamps, lights, dimmer lighting program. (5) the supervision and administration of optical focusing, inspection quality of lamps and lanterns] (6) record determination of intensity of illumination, taking pictures. 
 
Rate of 3, lighting, referring to what percentage to radiate from the lamps and lanterns of the beam floor or job mesa (1 lamp luminous flux x number of lamps maintenance coefficient x x x lighting rate floor area = average illuminance). 
Chapter 6 the main space of the actual lighting 
 
(1) the landscape types and lighting lamps and lanterns lighting light source (1) (2) establish the concepts (as little as possible to obtain a higher intensity of illumination lighting effects). 
 
(2) in any case, the lamp light can not directly into people's eyes. 


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E-mail: mack@archled.net

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