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The formation of night scene and the five components of the night landscape

Kelvin Lynch, an American architect, thinks that people's perception of the environment and the formation of memory in the environment are determined by five basic factors: channel, margin, block, node and landmark. Based on the attention of the above factors, people can draw the image map of the environment in their hearts". We call these five elements "attention image". At night, people through the image of the attention of the image of light, the formation of the mind of the night scene. Channel (Channel:): the basic route of the city. From the point of view of the night, not all of the roads, waterways can become a channel, only people can stay in the route and browse the route is the need to pay attention to the channel. Block (Area): is the planning and design of environmental objects, such as functions, administrative, residential, commercial, transportation, leisure, landscape, etc.. Different regions have different demands for lighting. Margin (Border): isolation of different blocks. The difference between the channel and the channel is that it tends to be one-sided, and that the nature of the area it isolates is very different. Such as embankment, lakeside, railway, green belt, etc.. Looking at the sky, the skyline is also a marginal. Node (Node): is the intersection of the channel, often can control the rhythm of the channel. For example, square, garden bridge, public building and so on. Landmark (Landmarks): is the visual focus of planning environmental objects, can often be specific historical features, cultural connotation of a city's characterization. Such as landmark buildings, historical relics, city sculpture, etc..

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