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Interior design lighting art and green art

Editor's note: Co Bucky Jerzy, a famous French architect, once said: "the building must be irradiated by light to produce life. "Interior decoration with the spirit of the environment, as well as the contrast between the foil into the aesthetic objects, it can be said that the lighting is produced. Lighting lighting in practical application should also have its inevitable exploration of the United States, summed up as "scientific, artistic and security". According to the different light sources, lighting can be divided into daylight and artificial lighting, due to the different design of natural daylight and artificial lighting, must be studied separately. According to the knowledge, the interior construction and the material inquiry, we can realize the importance of the lighting design and the green lighting.

(1) daylight lighting

The use of natural light source to solve the lighting of the workplace is called natural lighting or solar lighting. Because natural light uniform light, light, illumination, so the working environment should make full use of solar light, indoor daylighting is outdoor light through the skylight and the side window, therefore has the following principles:

1, lighting form

Side by side lighting - lighting of buildings, buildings for the top general use of such forms. The utility model has the advantages of strong directivity of light, simple structure, economy, but uneven light and shadow.

The upper - using a variety of lighting roof or roof of the level of scattered lighting, which is characterized by large amount of lighting effect, uniform structure, are generally more complex, high cost.

At the same time using - integrated lighting and upper side lighting, is the ideal form of lighting.

2, the high window is more effective for light exposure to indoor depths than the wide window, deep frieze should not exceed 30cm.

3, the window should be consistent with the desktop height windowsill below the table will produce glare. And no insulation in winter.

4, the working area from the window distance shall not be greater than 2 times the height of the window.

5, the total area of the window area should be about 1/5 floor area.

6, choose good transparency and bright glass glass light is 90%, ground glass, glass brick, glass insulation sunlight penetrating ability is 70%~30%.

7, take effective measures to avoid direct glare of the sun and reduce heat radiation, in order to ensure indoor comfort and good visual conditions. Such as the use of Venetian blinds and curtains to adjust the amount of incident sunlight.

8, each window should be directly exposed to the operating area of the sky, the best point can see the sky.

9, the adjacent buildings should be at least 2 times its own height at.

10, indoor and garden should be light colored to reflect sunlight as much as possible. Vision requirements different types of natural lighting requirements are also different.

(two) artificial lighting

When the natural lighting can not meet the visual requirements, should take artificial lighting. Artificial lighting to meet the requirements of the people, to achieve eye feel comfortable and good visual effects, must meet the following conditions:

1, appropriate illumination illumination to determine not only to consider the need to have vision, and the possibility of technical and economic rationality considerations.

2, uniform illumination, stable illumination is the number of light, but in addition to the amount of light, but also must pay attention to the quality of light. One measure of the quality of light is the uniformity and stability of illumination. Uniformity refers to uniform illumination and uniform brightness. Whether the visual comfortable largely determine the uniformity of illumination; stability refers to a certain value of illuminance in the field to maintain the standard, do not produce light fluctuation, no stroboscopic effect, otherwise the eyes need to constantly adjust with the illumination change of pupil size and dark adaptation, the additional burden of visual organ. If the eye's ability to adapt to keep up with the speed of change in brightness, visual efficiency will be significantly reduced.

3, consider the effect of light source light color effect is another factor to measure the quality of light. The light color of the light source includes color and color rendering. The so-called color table is the color of the light source. Such as fluorescent lamp lights look like daylight, the lights look like white high-pressure sodium lamp; when different light sources were exposed to the same color of an object, the object will show different colors, the color is light.

4, to prevent the glare of the glare of light generated glare. Glare to the outside of the object surface is too bright (such as electroplating polishing), brightness contrast is too large or direct light irradiation. Glare eyes, prevent eyesight, cause uncomfortable visual conditions, should try to avoid.

Green refers to the environment. To promote green lighting is to make the lighting products do not adversely affect the environment, but also reflects the modern civilization lighting culture. The core of green lighting is to choose energy-efficient lighting, accessories and lamps. Only full of energy saving, in order to reduce atmospheric CO2 in power plant, SO2 and NOx emissions, thereby reducing greenhouse warming, reduce acid rain, to avoid human long-term living in a certain concentration of SO2 and NOx in the air of the respiratory tract and other diseases.

One of the most important is the direct use of sunlight, in addition to energy saving reasons, but also an important factor in healthy lighting. Sunrise and sunset, after millions of years of human adaptation, not the short term will change. All things depend on the sun for growth, and the lighting must be as close as possible to the sun. Therefore, green lighting is now the dominant design of the room lighting, reflecting the people-oriented design concept.

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